The function of religion


Religion, in some form or another, has permeated into human existence and culture since the first anatomically modern humans, our ancestors, inhabited the Earth. In its earliest forms, people looked to the stars and celestial bodies to track the seasons and patterns of the world, such as the tides shifting with the moon. This observance translated into characterizing the stars and planets as gods in the heavens. A brief glance at the world history of religion would show a strong progression and evolution of ideas starting from simply looking to the sky.

As civilization progressed, so did religion. Different cultures from around the world formed their own beliefs that were rooted in a story told across the planet. In religion’s infancy, these beliefs gave people what seemed to be the means to physically manipulate the world around them by appeasing higher beings—the stars and planets which seem to look down from heaven. In the twenty-first century, in much the same way, religion allows people to believe that with thought and devotion to a higher being, the world will be changed dramatically.

Religion gives hope, security, and social solidarity. Whether or not any part of religion is truly supernatural, the consequences of its communion and their actions are real. If one chooses to be kind and give to others because of what they believe, religious or not, they have made a tangible difference in this world. It does not matter if religion was created by a god or by humans, but it matters what we do with it.


Letter from the Editor: Regarding last issue’s errors


Hello all! I would like to address something that is not necessarily easy for me. However, this is an issue that needs confrontation.

Those of you who read a copy of our last edition, which was released Thursday, March 30, may have noticed many inconsistencies and outright errors in the layout of the issue.

Accepting of fault

The many errors,  many obvious, some less so, I accept fault on. All of these errors could have been avoided if there was meaningful premeditation in regards to our course this semester.

I did not consider early enough what it would mean to work on an issue over spring break. As it turns out, inaction is the root of error. That I have seen many fold in this issue.

The errors

On our front page, we misspell Corey Hoskins name in the photo cred. Wyllie is misspelled in the title and throughout the article of the restaurant piece. On the bottom of the page, our page teasers are totally incorrect and are in fact from two issue ago.

On our second page, the mugshot of Donald Trump should have been replaced with a mugshot of our writer Joseph Canning. The photo captions of the bottom two images are wildly inaccurate.

On the third page, Elaine Philippa’s name is misspelled.

On the fourth page, there are a couple misspelling/ spacing issues with the comic credits. The dialogue of “Birds on a Wire” has a punctuation error: “buffet’s” should not have an apostrophe in it.

On page seven, top right corner of the Bearly News, the issue number reads “1” when it should be at “3”.

On the eighth page, the picture for the top article is of UW-Parkside’s softball team when the article is about the women’s and men’s basketball teams.

The cause of failure

It was not until about two weeks out when I realized our issue would be made over spring break. Because of this, I scrambled last minute plans to go ahead with its preparation.

Many of my reporters and staff were out-of-state throughout the break, leaving me short-handed. This left the reporting and content development to myself, and a few of my other reporters.

During layout weekend, a few days before the file is submitted for print, myself and my Graphics lead Tyler Feldhausen, were the only two available to work. We spent the majority of the evening that Friday, March 24, working.

Before long we had to leave the Student Center around 5 p.m. because they were closing the building early. This was due to specific spring break hours of which we were unfortunately unaware.

We decided to finish layout in the MacLab in the Academic building. Another thing we did not know at the time is that once transferred to the MacLab, our InDesign file would be incompatible with our computers because our office runs on old Adobe software.

This caused a huge problem for final edits and ultimately many errors were left uncorrected.

The price of unpreparedness

This is a lesson learned for myself and for The Ranger News. I apologize to anyone that this has affected; to our sources, to our readers, to our partners and our advisers.

If this is your first issue, I understand if you might see this and never want to pick up another copy again. But before you make that decision, let me say that this is not representative of our best, but in fact, you caught us at our worst.

I have learned from this. My staff have learned from this. And to anyone else, do not make the same mistake that I have.

Never underestimate the impact of preparation and forethought.

Question of the Issue

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Q: What do you consider fake news?


Kyle MaurerSophomore, Business Management Major

A: “Any media bias that is put into a story and falsified facts put in that purposely misleads the people that they are trying to relay information to. That could be someone who is purposely displaying fake news, fake facts in their articles, or someone who is tilting the facts, picking and choosing which ones they want to put into an article in order to change your opinion.”

Benjamin KramerSophomore, Communications Major

A: “Anything that’s not reputable. This could mean anything from major news to local news. Buzzfeed, in particular, does a lot of fake news. I would consider anything trying to deceive the audience they are focused on as fake news.”

Raisa AhmedSenior, Psychology Major

A: “News that is not made up of actual facts or actual statistic. Stuff that is made up with a bias toward a certain side, either side, it doesn’t really matter.”

Alaina Perez KuczaJunior, Business Management Major

A: “Anything that is spread through social media, that is a false statement, or doesn’t have any real substance or any real sources. It is taken out of context and blown up or just rumors.”

Zeb GoessmanSenior, Communications Major

A: “I feel like it’s kind of a myth, but in ways it’s not. There is fake news like The Onion of course. I feel if people could wrap their heads around that, they get confused with that fake news and that’s why people are getting upset just because of that. It’s just getting blown out of proportion a little bit. Fake news is a thing but it shouldn’t be blown up as much. I feel like it’s around but it’s not super big to me.”

Braedon RussellFreshman, History Education Major

A: “News with a blatant intention of misleading people. News used for political bias or used to get a point across that just blatantly isn’t correct.”


Chris TaylorJunior, Computer Science Major

A: “News that doesn’t have any basis in facts. I know there are a lot of sort of right-wing sites that push a lot of narratives that don’t have any factual basis or they take things wildly out of context. In my own experience, the transgender bathroom bills. There have been three instances in the past five years that I know of, and yet people still push the narrative that it is a widespread issue that transgender women are going into women’s bathrooms to [expletive] little girls. I don’t think that’s the case, I mean, what do you do when you go into the bathroom? You go in, you pee, you get out, you don’t really talk to anybody. And then there are a lot of the narratives saying how Mexicans are coming into the country when net immigration is actually in the negatives, so more people are leaving than coming in. Fake news is more things that take certain things out of context in their sources or just do not have sources in general.”

Curtis CrumpSenior, Music Major

A: “News that is false or misleading to whatever actually happened to buff up the audience of that media.”

Ryan ThompsonSenior, Music Major

A: “News that isn’t real. Fake news, if you’re a Democrat, is FOX News. Fake news, if you’re a Republican, is MSNBC. That is another aspect of it that people don’t realize, that people consider news from other sources to be fake if it doesn’t agree with their perspective. The statement that ‘fake news is news that isn’t real’ can be applied to both sides. If they are not determining what the facts are and reporting the facts accurately, then they are fake news. The percentage of [accuracy] is determined by whoever is doing the fact-checking, because people can adjust statistics. You know, 98% of statistics are made up, like that one just now. But the whole idea is that if you are not reporting accurately, you are not reporting, you are just telling people propaganda. So, fake news is news that isn’t real.”

Isaac NuernbergerFreshman, Exercise Science

A: “Anything that just attacks someone not based on any issues. News that makes things up just for the sake of making somebody else look bad, or reports on claims that aren’t substantiated regardless of who they are [the person reporting]. They make opinions based on things that aren’t even real.”

Shelby HemmJunior, Elementary Education Major

A: “Anything I see in a magazine I consider to be fake news. Some of the stories in there you can tell are just ridiculous and obviously fabricated.”

Ana GutierrezSophomore, Political Science Major

A: “News that is either inaccurate, or something that is criticizing that others don’t like, so they just claim it is fake news.”

Michael KruegerSophomore, Undecided Major

A: “News that is unverified.”

Hunter BroughtonSophomore, History and English Literature Major

A: “Falsely reporting something to support your own agenda or ideas.”

Raffi AbagianSophomore, History Major

A: “Something that is unsubstantiated, something that cannot be proven. Sometimes our own president just says things out of nowhere without any substantial evidence, so I would think that would be fake.”

Question of the Issue

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Q: What is your favorite class this semester?



Todd Atkins | Sophomore, Biological Science Major

A: “Macroeconomics. It was easy.”

Gaby Avila | Junior, Nursing Major

A: “My favorite class that I am taking right now is Pathophysiology because I get to learn about all of the systems in the body, and I get to learn what parts can go wrong and how to treat them”

Melissa Acosta | Senior, Biology Major

A: “BIOS 207. It was a research processing class, and I really loved it because it shaped where my career is heading now. It confirmed that this is exactly what I want to do with my life.”

Dustin Webber | Freshman, Computer Science and Math Major

A: “Communications through diversity because I think communicating with everybody is very important.”

Shayna Frost | Sophomore, Computer Science Major and Psychology Major

A: “My programming class. It’s challenging, fun and applies to my major.”

Abbey Piehler | Freshman, Psychology Major

A: “Abnormal Psychology because it’s so interesting and Professor Gurtman  just keeps you involved and wanting to learn more.”

Lauren Bialas | Senior, Accounting Major, Marketing Major, Business Management Major

A: “Marketing Management. I really enjoy my professor, Professor Manion, he makes class interesting even if the material is kind of dry. We are always allowed to put our own twists on projects.”

Anthony Domanico | Junior, Marketing Major

A: “Group Communications with Mary Wade. We are learning how to communicate effectively in groups. We are working on creating a campaign on campus to benefit the whole student body. That’s our big project, and I think it’s going to be a really good experience.”

Kelly Michalski | Junior, Applied Health Sciences Major

A: “Behavioral Organizations because I’m learning how to deal with people, what best suits them and how I can work well with them.”

Josh Carlson | Senior, Environmental Studies Major

A: “I am really enjoying Environmental Economics because something about visualizing really complicated things in clear graphs and numbers is kind of comforting, even though it never plays out that cleany in the real world. It’s just nice to be able to chart it out and say ‘there it is.’”

Tressa Capodarco | Freshman, Psychology Major and Criminal Justice Major

A: “Theatre 112, which is Behind the Scenes. I like it because I did a lot of behind the scenes work in high school, so it’s kind of easy. It’s fun, you get to meet a lot of new people and it is very hands on.”

Amelia Ogle | Freshman, Nursing Major

A: “My English 101 class because she [Erika Leptich] teaches really good life skills such as resume building.”

Editor’s desk – Feb. 21


If you picked up the first edition, thank you; if this is the first time you have picked up a copy, we thank you as well. You are all apart of the rebuilding process of The Ranger News. Your input is extremely valuable to us as an organization. Our sole purpose is to bring you the news most relevant to you as students and members of the Parkside community.

One of the topics that we as an organization will not stray away from is social justice. As you can see, our last two editions have had something to do with social justice issues on the front cover. This is not by circumstance or coincidence. I believe that as an editor, rather than not speaking on topics such as race, gender inequality, gay rights, or discrimination is just as bad as hate speech. If change is to come, not only across the UW system, but as citizens of this country, then topics such as racism, systematic oppression, and corporate greed will continue to be hurdles that citizens shouldn’t need to jump over. We are doing our part here by bringing these topics to light for you as students and members of the community are aware of them.

If you have any comments, concerns, or story ideas for us to run, you can reach us at Or me personally at my email, which is listed along with my staff.